Brazil lowers minimum age for sex change surgery to 18

Brazil’s Federal Council of Medicine (CFM) yesterday (Jan. 9) issued a resolution changing the rules governing procedures directed at transgender people. The new rules reduce the minimum age for gender reassignment surgery from 21 to 18 years old and stipulate that cross-sex hormone therapy must not be administered until the age of 16. The move is believed to help monitor the health condition of trans people and train health agents whose job is to offer assistance to this segment of the population. “This subject has been debated for 15 years.…

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Brazil, Angola ink bilateral deal on security

On the fourth and last part of his visit to West African countries, Brazil’s Foreign Minister Ernesto Araújo signed the Agreement on Security and Internal Order in Luanda today (Dec. 12). Araújo was also welcomed by Angolan President João Manuel Gonçalves Lourenço, to whom the chancellor handed Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro’s official invitation to visit Brazil in 2020. The minister met with Finance Minister Vera Daves de Sousa. The pact, Araújo stated, is a major step in fighting organize crime, terrorism, and drug trafficking in land as well as in…

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Losses stemming from corruption at Petrobras said to be underrated

Petrobras CEO Roberto Castello Branco said the estimated financial losses stemming from corruption at the state-controlled oi giant have been underrated. He was referring to the 2014 report on the amounts siphoned off. On the occasion, Petrobras recognized a total of $1.4 billion lost due to illicit payments uncovered by probes under Operation Car Wash. “I believe that this estimate, however good the criteria used in its calculation may be, does not correspond with the reality. We got approximately [$1 billion] from the Car Wash task force in Curitiba [city]…

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Brazil retains position in 2019 Human Development Index

In 2019, Brazil retained its 79th position on the ranking with 189 countries organized by their Human Development Index (HDI). In Latin America, it ranks fourth, below Chile, Argentina, and Uruguay. The increase was 0.001 point from the previous score. The nation was successful in curbing certain inequalities, but will have to tackle new challenges. The HDI is based on three pillars seen as paramount by the United Nations (UN): health, in the form of people’s life expectancy; knowledge, through the average number of years of study compared to the…

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Meat price hike pulls up November inflation

The 8.09 percent increase in the price of meats was the main driver behind Brazil’s inflation, as measured by the National Broad Consumer Price Index (IPCA), in November. The country’s government statistics agency IBGE announced today (Dec. 6) that the IPCA stood at 0.51 percent in November, the highest rate for the month since 2015 (1.01%). Food and drinks in general experienced a price hike of 0.72 percent. “Food in the household had been on the wane for six months. The increase now was pulled by meats. To make clear…

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Brazil allows production, sale of cannabis-based medication

The Brazilian Health Surveillance Agency, Anvisa, approved a regulation on the production, import, and sale of cannabis-derived medication. The decision was made unanimously by the agency’s voting directors, who met Tuesday (Dec. 3) in Brasília. It comes into force in 90 days. Medicines can only be purchased with a prescription, and product can only be bought at drugstores. Compounding with such substances will not be allowed. “The instructional leaflet for cannabis-based products will include warnings such as ‘The use of this product may cause physical or psychological dependency,’ or ‘Individual…

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Unicef: Brazil’s child mortality rate sees historic decline

The United Nations Children’s Fund (Unicef) is holding a session at the Legislative Assembly of São Paulo today (Nov. 27) to mark the 30th anniversary of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. The agency put together a report crediting Brazil for having improved rates such as mortality, child labor, and school exclusion over the years. The impact of the initiatives implemented by the federal and state governments has been countrywide. From 1990 to 2017, the data show a “historic reduction” in the total of deaths among children younger…

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Initiative aims to step up vaccination in Brazil’s border towns

Brazil’s Health Ministry has launched the second stage of Movimento Vacina Brasil nas Fronteiras, an initiative to step up vaccination efforts across 16 municipalities by November 30. The goal is to expand the vaccination coverage, especially against measles and yellow fever. The plan has Mercosur countries (Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, and Uruguay) and associated nations (Bolivia and Colombia) engaged. To meet its objective, the ministry sent to border states 11.3 thousand doses of the yellow fever vaccine and 11.2 thousand doses of the MMR vaccine (measles, mumps, rubella). The towns covered…

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Over 95% of Brazilian children go to school: Unicef

The United Nations Children’s Fund, Unicef, today (Nov. 12) launched a study showing the impacts of the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Brazilian population. The survey found that 95.3 percent of children and adolescents aged four through 17 go to school regularly. A reduction of 71 percent was reported in the child mortality rate since the 90s, a rate well above 33 percent set by Unicef. However, the study shows that violence became a major problem for young people, especially those belonging to ethnic minorities or…

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Brazil sets up special security scheme for Brics meeting

A special security scheme was adopted by the Brazilian government to ensure the integrity of people attending the 11th Brics summit meeting. The gathering is slated to take place in Brasília on Wednesday and Thursday (Nov. 13, 14) and is expected to draw South African President Cyril Ramaphosa, Brazil’s Jair Bolsonaro, China’s Xi Jinping, and Russia’s Vladimir Putin, in addition to Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Tasked with assessing risk and prevent crises, among other duties, the head of the Institutional Security Office, Augusto Heleno, said today (12) that the…

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Brics 2019: Cooperation in communication and information technology

What was originally conceived as a nickname given by the financial market gained momentum and became a cooperation mechanism encompassing 3.1 billion people, or 41 percent of the world’s population. An acronym formed with the initials of Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa, Brics is made up of the globe’s five top emerging economies and is holding its 11th summit meeting in Brasília on Wednesday and Thursday (Nov. 14, 15). In 2001, British economist Jim O’Neill, former chairman of Asset Management at US investment bank Goldman Sachs, coined the…

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Volunteer work has Brasília mobilized for UN 2030 Agenda

From November 21 to 24, Brasília will host an event expected to mobilize young people from the Federal District and beyond. With a focus on volunteer work, Together should draw approximately 10 thousand people to foster the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the United Nations (UN) for the 2030 Agenda. Volunteers will conduct 32 social plans bearing UN’s seal, with the support of the local government and the administrative organization of the Seventh-day Adventist Church in a joint initiative to benefit the local community. The efforts are in line…

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Brazil’s inflation in October is lowest for month since 1998

Brazil’s National Broad Consumer Price Index (IPCA) in October was reported at 0.10 percent—the lowest result for October since 1998, when the IPCA stood at 0.02 percent. Used to gauge the official inflation, the IPCA was released today (Nov. 7) by the government’s Rio-based statistics agency IBGE. Year-to-date, the IPCA reached 2.60 percent. In the last 12 months, the variation was 2.54 percent, lower than the 2.89 percent in the 12 months prior. Three groups surveyed showed deflation: housing (-0.61%), household articles (-0.09%), and communication (-0.01%). The reduction in housing…

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Suspension of visitation at Marinho de Abrolhos Park extended

The Chico Mendes Institute of Biodiversity Conservation (ICMBio) decided to postpone until November 14 the end of the suspension of visits at the Marinho de Abrolhos National Park, on the coast of Bahia state. The park is expected to open to tourists on the holiday of November 15, when the proclamation of the Republic is celebrated in Brazil. The suspension started Monday (4), two days after the fragments of oil that had polluted beaches and swamps in all nine states of the Brazilian Northeast affected a small area of the…

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Korean Wave lands in Brazil as South Korea rises as cultural giant

Brazil was the first country in Latin America and the world’s eighth to establish relations with South Korea, in a moment when the Asian country was facing dire economic difficulties. This year, the two nations are celebrating the 60th anniversary of diplomatic ties amid a landscape teeming with opportunities. South Korea is among the globe’s most prosperous nations. This is the ideal moment for both countries to cross another threshold in their relations, bearing in mind both economies’ complementary and dynamic traits. Favoring the perception of a stronger connection between…

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Visitation on Abrolhos islands suspended

The Chico Mendes Biodiversity Conservation Institute—ICMBio—today (Nov. 4) decided to temporarily suspend tourist visits to the National Abrolhos Sea Park after fragments of crude oil were identified in the nearby sea. Beaches and swamps in all nine states of the Northeast have faced contamination. Federal Police investigators believe the oil may have been spilled by a Greek ship dubbed Bouboulina some 700 km off the Brazilian coast. Petrobras studies indicate the oil is crude and come from Venezuelan fields. The move is expected to last three days, but may be…

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Brazil unveils eight new AI labs

Brazil’s Minister of Science, Technology, Innovations, and Communications Marcos Pontes on Monday (Nov. 4) announced the creation of eight artificial intelligence (AI) laboratories in the country. The labs will operate as a network. Four will focus on the internet of things—which keeps everyday objects online. “I have good news. We’re creating eight artificial intelligence laboratories. Since we came to the government, this has been among the priority plans to improve the country’s capacity for AI,” the minister said at the opening ceremony of the 5th Innovation Week in Brasília. The…

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Saiba quais os exames solicitados por um otorrino

Quando um paciente chega ao consultório do otorrinolaringologista a primeira atitude do profissional é ouvir o relato do indivíduo. Dessa forma, o médico entende melhor a condição do paciente, identificando o que ele pode ter com base nos seus sintomas. Para que essa análise fique ainda mais assertiva, o paciente deve realizar os exames solicitados por otorrino. Os exames solicitados por otorrino são fundamentais para que o médico faça um diagnóstico preciso e possa, em seguida, estabelecer o tratamento mais indicado para o caso. Confira a seguir quais exames costumam…

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Brazil hits global target for measles vaccination

A preliminary report by Brazil’s Health Ministry indicates Brazil has met the global vaccination target for children aged six months to one year, with 95 percent of the general population in this age group registered as immunized. Coverage was not even throughout the states, however. Below the target are the states of Acre, Amapá, Amazonas, Bahia, the Federal District, Maranhão, Mato Grosso, Pará, Piauí, Rondônia, Roraima, Rio de Janeiro, and Rio Grande do Norte. As for municipalities, 34.5 percent (1,923 cities) were reported as needing to bolster efforts to meet…

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Initiatives have slashed number of Brazil’s smokers by 40%

The implementation of the measures established by the International Treaty for Tobacco Control—like the increase in prices and taxes—have reduced the number of smokers in the country by 40 percent, according to Brazil’s National Cancer Institute (Inca) and Tania Cavalcante, executive secretary of the National Commission for the Implementation of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. Sanitary warnings, she said, also played a significant role in the process, as well as the prohibition of flavored cigarettes and advertisement. “Even though Brazil reduced the prevalence of smokers to 9.3 percent, smokers…

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